Having been removed from the protective precinct of the law and “disappeared” from society, victims of enforced disappearance are in fact deprived of all their rights and are at the mercy of their captors. Some of the human rights that enforced disappearances regularly violate are:
• The right to recognition as a person before the law;
• The right to liberty and security of the person;
• The right not to be subjected to torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment;
• The right to life, when the disappeared person is killed;
• The right to an identity;
• The right to a fair trial and to judicial guarantees;
• The right to an effective remedy, including reparation and compensation;
• The right to know the truth regarding the circumstances of a disappearance.
Enforced disappearances also generally violate various economic, social and cultural rights for both the victims as well as their families:
• The right to protection and assistance to the family;
• The right to an adequate standard of living;
• The right to health;
• The right to education.
Thousands of Tamil enforcebilly disappeared in Sri Lanka..